the text of the Constitution of India has been brought up-to-date by including the Constitution (One Hundredth Amendment) Act, which. (1) This Act may be called the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder by the Central Government under. I N D I A N. O C E A N. A Y. O F. BENGAL. N. I N D I A. States and Union Territories. New Delhi. Srinagar. Shimla. Chandigarh. Dehradun. Jaipur. Gandhinagar.

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BILL further to amend the Citizenship Act, BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:—. 1. CENSUS OF INDIA PERCENTAGE DECADAL CHANGE IN POPULATION. Page 6. Page 7. Population, Size and Decadal Change. Primary Census. RFCTLARR (Amendment) Second Bill, As introduced in Lok Sabha - Errata (English) ( KB) pdf · As introduced in Lok Sabha - Errata (English) (

Evidence of well-planned streets, a drainage system and water supply reveals their knowledge of urban planning , which included the first-known urban sanitation systems and the existence of a form of municipal government. Both the Malabar and Coromandel Coasts were the sites of important trading centres from as early as the first century BC, used for import and export as well as transit points between the Mediterranean region and southeast Asia.

Economic Survey 2017-18

Historians Tapan Raychaudhuri and Irfan Habib claim this state patronage for overseas trade came to an end by the thirteenth century AD, when it was largely taken over by the local Parsi, Jewish, Syrian Christian and Muslim communities, initially on the Malabar and subsequently on the Coromandel coast.

These traders built a Hindu temple , which suggests commerce was active and prosperous for Indians by the 17th century. Villages paid a portion of their agricultural produce as revenue to the rulers, while their craftsmen received a part of the crops at harvest time for their services. Silver coin of the Gupta dynasty , 5th century AD. Mughal era — See also: Muslin trade in Bengal and Economy of the Kingdom of Mysore The Indian economy was large and prosperous under the Mughal Empire , up until the 18th century.

The Mughal economy functioned on an elaborate system of coined currency, land revenue and trade. Gold, silver and copper coins were issued by the royal mints which functioned on the basis of free coinage. Key industries included textiles , shipbuilding , and steel , and processed exports included cotton textiles, yarns , thread , silk , jute products, metalware , and foods such as sugar , oils and butter.

This marked a determinative shift in India's trade, and a less-powerful impact on the rest of the economy.

Economy of India

As the painstaking statistical work of the Cambridge historian Angus Maddison has shown, India's share of world income collapsed from Indeed, at the beginning of the 20th century, "the brightest jewel in the British Crown" was the poorest country in the world in terms of per capita income. From the beginning of the 19th century, the British East India Company 's gradual expansion and consolidation of power brought a major change in taxation and agricultural policies, which tended to promote commercialisation of agriculture with a focus on trade, resulting in decreased production of food crops, mass impoverishment and destitution of farmers, and in the short term, led to numerous famines.

The British East India Company, following their conquest of Bengal in , had forced open the large Indian market to British goods, which could be sold in India without tariffs or duties , compared to local Indian producers who were heavily taxed , while in Britain protectionist policies such as bans and high tariffs were implemented to restrict Indian textiles from being sold there, whereas raw cotton was imported from India without tariffs to British factories which manufactured textiles from Indian cotton and sold them back to the Indian market.

British economic policies gave them a monopoly over India's large market and cotton resources.

It also established a system of railways and telegraphs, a civil service that aimed to be free from political interference, a common-law and an adversarial legal system. However, at the end of colonial rule, India inherited an economy that was one of the poorest in the developing world, [] with industrial development stalled, agriculture unable to feed a rapidly growing population, a largely illiterate and unskilled labour force, and extremely inadequate infrastructure.

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Weekly General Knowledge Banking Capsule fo No more posts found!Tata, when Tata suggested state-owned companies should be profitable [] Jawaharlal Nehru , the first prime minister of India , along with the statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis , formulated and oversaw economic policy during the initial years of the country's independence.

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