Heights. By Emily Bronte Wuthering Heights is the name of Mr. Heathcliff's dwell- ing. erally; but I believe at Wuthering Heights the kitchen is forced to. Download our free ePUB, PDF or MOBI eBooks to read on almost any device — your desktop, iPhone, iPad, Android Wuthering Heights. Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. The Project Gutenberg Etext of Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte #2 in our series by the Bronte sisters.
|Language:||English, French, German|
|ePub File Size:||26.86 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.43 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · 2 by Emily Brontë. Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. Download Wuthering Heights free in PDF & EPUB format. Download Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights for your site, tablet, IPAD, PC or. Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as resrastraknabest.tk: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read .
And Why? They are soulmates, but it seems that they could never be together. These limits do not only destroy them but everything around them as well. I recommend this book to everyone! When you get to the last section, you will understand just how much I enjoyed reading it.
It is one of the best books I have had the opportunity to put on my reading shelf. She was the second eldest of three sisters all of whom writers and published under a masculine pen name: Ellis Bell. Plot As you open the covers of this book, you can immediately feel the breeze of darkness coming out of it. His name is Lockwood, and he is a tenant of a man named Heathcliff.
As Lockwood meets with Heathcliff and his scary dog, we immediately judge his landlord as a person of ill and unsociable nature. But how can a person become that way? How can he evidently hate people so much? Well, that is what we are about to find out. Knowing that something terrible must have happened to her master for him to become like that, he begs her to tell him his story. Earnshaw was the owner of Wuthering Heights.
He was a good man, and one day, coming back from Liverpool, he brought home an orphan named Heathcliff. The latter had never been under-drawn: Above the chimney were sundry villainous old guns, and a couple of horse-pistols: The floor was of smooth, white stone; the chairs, high-backed, primitive structures, painted green: In an arch under the dresser reposed a huge, liver-coloured bitch pointer, surrounded by a swarm of squealing puppies; and other dogs haunted other recesses.
The apartment and furniture would have been nothing extraordinary as belonging to a homely, northern farmer, with a stubborn countenance, and stalwart limbs set out to advantage in knee-breeches and gaiters.
Such an individual seated in his arm-chair, his mug of ale frothing on the round table before him, is to be seen in any circuit of five or six miles among these hills, if you go at the right time after dinner.
But Mr. Heathcliff forms a singular contrast to his abode and style of living. He is a dark-skinned gipsy in aspect, in dress and manners a gentleman: Possibly, some people might suspect him of a degree of under-bred pride; I have a sympathetic chord within that tells me it is nothing of the sort: I know, by instinct, his reserve springs from an aversion to showy displays of feeling—to manifestations of mutual kindliness.
I bestow my own attributes over-liberally on him.
Heathcliff may have entirely dissimilar reasons for keeping his hand out of the way when he meets a would-be acquaintance, to those which actuate me. Let me hope my constitution is almost peculiar: In Chapter 9 you saw that Cathy wanted to have both Heathcliff and Edgar.
She tries to perform the same balancing act here, too, and manages to keep them on an outwardly friendly footing for a while. On almost every page someone is being compared to a tree, a honeysuckle, a dog, a lamb, or some other animal. Since Emily Bronte lived in the country, it was only natural for her to find metaphors and symbols in the world that surrounded her.
Nature and the supernatural heaven-hell, angel-devil are her frames of reference, the things by which all else is judged. This seems to place her closer temperamentally to Wuthering Heights than to Thrushcross Grange. The question remains in your mind: In the earlier chapter Heathcliff saved baby Hareton from a dangerous fall. This is a good measure of the change in Heathcliff. Keep Chapter 9 in mind as you read the rest of this chapter.
In both, Cathy is asked to make an impossible choice between Heathcliff and Edgar, and ends up making herself sick.
Yet when Edgar comes in and tells Heathcliff to leave, Cathy lashes out at her husband. Here you have it at last, the showdown. It has been set up perfectly. The two rivals are now equals. Heathcliff is at Thrushcross Grange, where Edgar has servants at his command.
Edgar, the weaker of the two, is forced to fight physically, which is contrary to his nature. Most readers find that their sympathies are divided between these two rivals. Heathcliff, you feel, should have won Cathy, yet he is behaving abominably. The fight centers on a lock and key.
Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights
This will be explored more fully in Chapter In trying to have both men, Cathy has ended up pleasing neither. When Heathcliff leaves, Edgar asks her to chose between them, and she refuses.
Instead, she throws herself into a fit. Think now of the role Ellen plays in both scenes. In her defense you can argue that she was probably trying to avoid larger conflicts Cathy and Heathcliff confronting each other in Chapter 9; Heathcliff insinuating himself further into Thrushcross Grange now. On the third day, Ellen enters the room and is shocked by the change. Remember that when his wife died Hindley tormented others and started to drink himself to death. You will see more of this reaction.
In a similar manner, many of the parent-child relationships in this book are distorted and cruel. Earnshaw detests Hindley; Hindley nearly kills Hareton; and Hindley as a substitute father mistreats Cathy and Heathcliff. Heathcliff, another substitute father, does everything he can to degrade Hareton. Often this is due to some outside agent, like the trap put over the lapwing nest.
Heathcliff comes between Mr. You should now add another: The Thrushcross Grange qualities of courtesy and selfrestraint belong more to the adult world. Does that explain why the Thrushcross Grange characters, like Edgar and Isabella, are the good parents? Cathy sees a face in the press which is in fact a mirror , and screams that the room is haunted. The ghostly face she sees is, of course, her own.
Cathy, imagining herself back home, relives her first separation from Heathcliff this is the scene that Lockwood reads in her diary. In her delirium Cathy accuses Ellen several times of being a witch, trying to harm her.
Considering the harm that Ellen has caused her, there may be a grain of truth in this. He asks Cathy again if she loves Heathcliff, and again she hushes him. Emily Bronte tantalizes you by slowly giving you clues to the other drama of the night: In a lesser novel, the idea of a heroine dying of a broken heart would seem sentimental or hysterical. There are ghosts, which may or may not be real. There are premonitions of the deaths of Cathy, Mrs.
Characters speak of being in heaven or hell in the same tone of voice you would use to speak of a visit across town. In Wuthering Heights the distinctions between life and death, and between the commonplace and the extraordinary are broken down, making life more mysterious and precarious. The rest of the chapter consists of a letter from Isabella to Ellen.
Isabella says she regretted leaving Thrushcross Grange so suddenly, but that she can no longer go back. The description of her return is virtually a list of rooms she enters and is forced to leave. When Heathcliff first drops her off at the kitchen door, Hareton threatens to set his dog on her unless she quits the place. Joseph eventually shows her to a lumber room, which is even worse, and she ends up sleeping in a chair.
When Heathcliff returns, Isabella reminds him that he still has the key to their room. He may have always seemed to lack passion, but does he lack warmth as well? In her letter Isabella describes in detail the shambles the place has become. As an outsider, she can also see that Isabella, through neglect, looks a wreck. The only thing about the house that seems decent to her is Heathcliff. The scene that follows offers you new definitions of love. At the same time it makes Heathcliff look sadistic.
And Catherine has a heart as deep as I have; the sea could be as readily contained in that horse trough, as her whole affection monopolized by him.
This is one characterization of the difference between the stormy and calm types of love. Now add a third type, which is actually a mixture of the two: Her love, however, was based on even less understanding than that between Cathy and Edgar. According to Heathcliff, Isabella saw him as a storybook hero.
When Heathcliff sends Isabella off, he tells Ellen he has no pity. What kind of demented love, you wonder, is this? Isabella gives you another reason: But this is no tender love scene. Cathy accuses him of thriving on her death, a death he caused. Her face shows a wild vindictiveness. When Heathcliff first lets go of her, his fingers leave blue marks in her skin. Though Cathy softens a bit, Heathcliff does not.
He accuses her of destroying them both when she married Edgar. When Cathy forgives him for leaving her for three years and begs to be forgiven, he refuses. How can I?
In a more conventional novel there would have been a clearer death-bed resolution. But she does neither. Her unwillingness to leave Heathcliff may be her final statement, but she never tells him that she regrets marrying Edgar.
The story does not revert back to the present for reflection. There are two chapters to go before the story of the first generation ends. It will take the whole second half of the book to work out any kind of resolution. Although the focus in this scene is on the lovers, Ellen is there, too. When you consider that Cathy is dying, you have to wonder how trustworthy any of her judgments of Cathy are. Which is true? Heathcliff, on the other hand, is inconsolable. He dashes his head against a tree trunk throughout the night, leaving blood on the bark.
His torment goes a long way toward blotting out his sins from your mind. Except for when they imagine a paradise for Mr. Earnshaw, Heathcliff and Cathy find no comfort in formal religion. Edgar follows the forms of religion, going to church every Sunday and getting strength from God.
Yet it is Heathcliff and Cathy who speak in religious terms.
When Heathcliff gets his first glimpse of Thrushcross Grange, for instance, he compares it to heaven. And Cathy considers herself in hell when she is separated from Heathcliff. The examples are endless, and explain why some readers call the love between Cathy and Heathcliff the strongest spiritual force in the novel. But Ellen fittingly entwines the two tresses and encloses them together.
What has happened to her? Certainly the first part of her story is no cause for joy. As she describes it to Ellen the night before, just after the funeral, Hindley tried without success to kill Heathcliff. In the struggle over the weapon, Hindley was wounded. Characters who suffer try to find relief by passing the suffering on to others. Hindley behaves this way when his wife dies. Cathy is so hurt by the quarrel between Edgar and Heathcliff that she resolves to die in order to break both their hearts.
She does her best, though, the morning after the funeral. Heathcliff, she would soon have become as disgusted with him as Isabella herself is. Heathcliff throws a knife at her, which cuts her beneath her ear.
The rest of the chapter closes the first half of the novel. Isabella flees to the south. Hindley dies in a drunken fit. Joseph says that before he left to fetch the doctor, Hindley was alone with Heathcliff, and far from death, which leaves you with an uneasy feeling.
The characters have arranged themselves again according to their personalities at one of the two houses: Ellen Dean introduces the characters by comparing the young Cathy to her mother.
This sense of continuity, of one generation bearing the sins of another, will continue through the rest of the novel. There are 34 chapters; each generation gets Although one generation mirrors another, they are not exactly the same. Cathy, for instance is saucy and spoiled, but not to the extent her mother was, and the younger one adds a gentleness to a capacity for intense attachment.
In the last chapter Ellen told you that Edgar had become a recluse, perhaps the only possible reaction of a Thrushcross Grange character to the mad passions released in the preceding scenes. Edgar has also sheltered his daughter, who knows nothing of Heathcliff or of Wuthering Heights. But when Cathy is thirteen, Edgar learns that Isabella is dying. Thirteen is an age when you start to find things out about life.
What Cathy finds out about is Wuthering Heights. Dogs are associated with violence in the transition between the two worlds. When Ellen finds Cathy, she and Hareton are enjoying themselves.
This is appropriate, since they will act out the problems that plagued their elders. Again the Thrushcross Grange-Wuthering Heights conflict is being acted out: Cathy is civilized, educated, and socially proud; Hareton is foul mouthed, ignorant, and crude. His mother Isabella is dead, and Edgar has brought him home to Thrushcross Grange. Linton perks up only when Cathy feeds him tea out of a saucer, as though he were a baby.
Little good can come of thrusting such a weakling into the harsh world of Wuthering Heights, and you begin to feel the inexorable power of its master. Notice how your attitude toward Heathcliff has changed. Ellen has to lie to get Linton out of Thrushcross Grange.
The Thrushcross Grange character Edgar can shelter his daughter from the Wuthering Heights side of life only so long, especially since Cathy is a curious child who loves to wander over the moors, much as her mother did.
The grief may be quiet, but it is heartrending. You know from the beginning of the book that he does in fact take possession of them, but he is not legally in the right, despite what he says. In this case, the order of succession goes from the male son Edgar , to the son of the male son none , to the daughter Isabella , to the son of the daughter Linton.
Wuthering Heights is only a farmhouse, so inheritance is a simpler matter. So Heathcliff will be a usurper until the day he dies. The personalities of the younger generation become increasingly defined.
When Heathcliff brings Cathy back to Wuthering Heights, you see that Linton has become selfish and ill-natured. The only time Linton shows any animation, according to Ellen, is when he mocks Hareton for not knowing how to read.
He may be rude and rough but he is sensitive, and he is more than willing to show Cathy around the property. Remember how the elder Cathy resorted to pinching and slapping in Chapter 8? In love? When the elder Cathy said she was in love with Edgar, she at least knew the boy.
Notice how little he participates in the action in the second half of the book. In order to reach some rosehips, for example, she needs to climb over a wall near a locked door.
Just then Heathcliff comes along. If you are like most readers, your estrangement from him is now complete. It takes my breath- dear me! Still, they get along until the subject of the older generation comes up. This was true of Cathy and Hareton, too, when they first met. She is conciliatory, however which Linton will never be. When Ellen and Cathy leave the room, they are recalled by a scream.
Linton has slipped- on purpose? He lies there writhing and crying. Most of this chapter is her story. Showing once more how cruel she can be, Cathy makes fun of Hareton for priding himself on learning to read his name in the inscription over the door. In passing, you learn something new about Hareton. Before, he never quite understood why he was being mocked.
Now he does catch on, even though it takes him a while. Hers is an exercise in power, as she tries to put herself above him. His takes the form of a natural dignity, which has been affronted.
Many readers find the story of the second generation a letdown after the high drama of the first, and certainly there is a sense of moderation here.
Take the younger Cathy, for instance. Like her mother, she is given a fairly long speech comparing the stormy-calm sides of life through natural imagery.
She finally shows some understanding of his character here, and he is given an endearing speech of his own. This diminishment is built into the story. In chapters 18 through 28 Heathcliff comes dangerously close to becoming a cardboard villain. Furthermore, a fight against total evil is rarely as interesting as a struggle among complex beings.
The younger generation seldom use words such as heaven and hell or angel and devil. The absence of this mythic dimension makes you realize that compared to their parents, members of this generation have their feet on the ground. The story of Cathy and Linton is told as it appears.
Ellen rarely shifts from the past to the present. Think back on the first part of the book. These accounts gave the impression that many mysterious things were happening at once.
The story now has a more plodding rhythm. Some readers think that this counterpoint between the first and second halves of the novel is an integral part of its theme. Others just want to get back to Cathy and Heathcliff. In this one he finally consents to her meeting Linton on the moors. Edgar is dying, and he hopes Linton will console her. His tone is gentle. Edgar is magnanimous. Yet there is also something lifeless in Edgar Linton.
Why does he always rely on Ellen? At the end of the chapter you learn that Linton Heathcliff is dying, too. In his dream Lockwood was frightened by the ghost, but he was able to keep it from getting in. Edgar trembled when confronted with an angry Heathcliff, but that did not stop Edgar from striking him. Linton can do nothing. When Cathy and Ellen meet him on the moors, he tries to appear well and cheerful, but his eyes wander fearfully toward Wuthering Heights.
His terror has silenced even his complaints. Before he provoked, now he is only pitiable. Note that it is only Linton, the most tedious character in the book, who shows this abject fear. Emily Bronte thinks highly of courage. As for Heathcliff, his behavior continues to get worse. Edgar is closer to death. When Cathy and Ellen meet Linton on the moors he is even more fearful than before.
Clues to the coming disaster come thick and fast. Cathy may not be afraid to go to Wuthering Heights, but you are afraid for her. Once in Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff locks the door behind them, and his evil-scientist side reasserts itself: When Cathy grabs for the key, Heathcliff slaps her again and again on both sides of her face, and soon his plan is revealed: In the conversation that follows you get the most depressing versions of the two Thrushcross Grange-Wuthering Heights loves yet.
Cathy has often said that she loves her father more than she will ever love anybody. Is this all that Thrushcross Grange love comes down to? As much as you may love your parents, you must eventually love someone else- in a very different way- or forever remain a child.
As for the Wuthering Heights-type love, Heathcliff releases none of his former torrents of passion, but he makes one revealing statement about Cathy: You have seen at various points how Heathcliff is associated with imprisonment.
As a youngster he was the one who was confined. When he covered Edgar with applesauce, he was sent to a garret. Once locks and keys are actually mentioned, however, things change. After Heathcliff returns transformed, he either keeps the keys shutting Isabella out of the bedroom, for instance or breaks the lock as after his quarrel with Edgar.
During the second half of the book Heathcliff holds the keys. And now you have the worst case of all: As his power grows, your sympathy for him decreases. Emily Bronte makes you root for the underdog, whomever he may be. In this case the candy makes both Linton and his story all the more perverse.
Although Heathcliff turns away the servants Ellen sends to rescue Cathy, the girl frightens Linton into letting her out, and she is reunited with her father just before he dies.
His death is peaceful, even blissful. He speaks of going to his wife and seeing his daughter later. How many people has Heathcliff tormented? Heathcliff only hinted, for instance, at what he was doing to Isabella.
And when he describes his punishment of Linton for letting Cathy out, he will say only that: I brought him down one evening In two hours I called Joseph to carry him up again, and since then my presence is as potent on his nerves as a ghost What did Heathcliff do?
Edited with an Introduction and Notes by
Did he say anything? Did he just look at him? The description of a simple beating would have been less horrifying, for at least you would have known what happened. In chapters 18 through 28 Heathcliff became almost the personification of evil.
In this chapter he takes Cathy away from Thrushcross Grange to install her permanently at Wuthering Heights. The first time you heard the story, you feel Heathcliff acted with extreme cruelty and violence.
I remember stopping to kick the breath out of him When Heathcliff dug open her grave and began to open her coffin, he felt her very presence. He hurried back to Wuthering Heights, talking to her, convinced he would see her upstairs in her room.
Since then he has been searching for her constantly, but has never found her. You can emphasize whatever aspect you wish: Certainly, Zillah comes off as hard hearted. To some extent the quarrel between Cathy and Hareton has been forced on them by circumstances, although the roots of conflict were always there. Against this backdrop you may not find Heathcliff quite so evil. And yet his type of vengeance is of a different, more sinister quality. Like Hindley, he takes out his suffering on the innocent, even on children.
In the last few chapters Hareton and Cathy will manage to create a new pattern. Heathcliff may, too. Nothing comes of this, however, and he dismisses her now with great arrogance. Lockwood now defends Hareton, playing the role of peacemaker instead of lover. But the question has been raised: Is it possible that Cathy will consider remarrying.
In your one glimpse of Heathcliff you see the first crack in his plan of revenge. He is told that Ellen has gone to Wuthering Heights, so he heads over there. The change in Wuthering Heights is astonishing. The gate is unlocked, the fragrance of flowers permeates the air, and a scene of young love is played out at an open window. A sweet-voiced girl is teaching a handsome, respectably dressed lad how to read. She kisses him, and slaps him playfully. The two, of course, are Cathy and Hareton.
Emily Bronte withholds their identities at first to emphasize their complete transformation. The scene is a union of the best of both houses. Books once belonged only at Thrushcross Grange. For the older Cathy and Heathcliff they were objects of repression; as children, they threw religious books into the fire in an act of rebellion.
For Edgar reading was a way to escape from problems; he shut himself up with his books when Cathy fell into a fit. Suddenly, books have become a medium through which love can flow. At the same time, physical love- the Wuthering Heights side of love- is also allowed to find expression. Lockwood slinks around back, thinking about what he has missed. Ellen Dean, who is happy now, fills you in on what has happened in the past year.
Cathy soon begins to make overtures of friendship, however, as Hareton did before. It is a slow process, but finally they come to grips with their feelings and confess to the pain they have been causing each other. Each puts the emphasis on his own suffering rather than on the wrongdoing of the other.
Compare this to the wild accusations the older Cathy and Heathcliff hurl at each other on her deathbed. They have forgiven each other.And Why? Dies 6 May. Download Links for 'Wuthering Heights': Was it selfish, not true love at all, but an obsession? Heathcliff, who lives a few miles away at a smaller place called Wuthering Heights, he finds his new neighbor surly and quarrelsome.
In fact, it was not until the twentieth century that Emilys novel began to enjoy the popularity and critical esteem it deserved.
Earnshaw was the owner of Wuthering Heights. Plot As you open the covers of this book, you can immediately feel the breeze of darkness coming out of it.